HTBE series: Al Rahman Al Rahim (2&3/99)
BismiLlah Al Rahman Al Rahim,
تفسير أسماء الله الحسنى لابن إسحاق
Book “The interpretation of the 99 Divine Names” by Ibn Ishaq
There’s a hadith that says
(Allah is an odd number and He loves odd numbers: five prayers, 3 days of fasting -the full Moon days-, seven circles around the Kaaba)
من أحصاها: enumerates. Its noun is الحصي. When Arabs want to use “a lot” they use the word ” حصي”
From reciting these names, the intellect begins to perceive them, you begin to see the world through them. You see the essence of things.
Arabic grammar: الرحمن فعال من رحمة
When you want to increase the name you add more letters. For example: عالم –> علامة you add three letters (the extra lam, alif and ta’)
الرحمن على وزن فعلان بدل من الرأحم. On that same form you can have the words: غضبان ، عطشان (angry, thirsty)
So “Rahman” رحمن means to be filled with mercy. He has derived the name of the womb from His Name: الرحم
That binding between humans, that’s rahma
رحمة –> رقة القلب , if you have mercy it means your heart is gentle
Imam Ahmed wrote a book called “كتاب الزهد ” The Book of asceticism that talks about how the early zuhad had no covetousness [to purify] their hearts
If you have a hard heart, find a thing of compassion. Find someone you want good for.
Allah used 2 jamali (beautiful, opposite of jalal) names in the basmala
My Mercy precedes My Wrath, رحمتي سبقت غضبي
Allah is more Joyous when His servants make tawba, repent
It is out of His Mercy that we exist. To be a creature is a vast richness
الرحمن على العرش استوى
The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established (5, Surat Ta-Ha)
He manifests Himself on His Throne that contains all the Names except for Al-Rahman
عبر نفسه بالرحمانية
The Throne becomes hidden from His Mercy
Anything that happens in this world, anything “negative” is from Al Rahman.
His Rahma is what He’s manifesting thorough them and in them (God is consistency)
Allah loves diversity. الإختلاف عين الرحمة
How does one embody the name Al Rahman?
According to Ahmed Al Rifai, you should start by erasing all content for human beings. Starting with Ahl Al Bayt (descendants of the Prophet pbuh)
All of Allah’s attributes have Mercy in them
1- Look with expansion of Mercy on all creatures
2- Manifest Mercy
3- Making a mistake and rectifying it by making tawba (repenting). Bring down the rain of Mercy of Allah swt
The Name Al Rahman will remove harm to whomever mentions it.
Imam Al Ghazali says that you cannot fathom His Mercy. God will never do evil for evil’s sake.
Accept the idea of Qadar (Predestination)
(Hindus and their concept of karma: the effect of sins of someone appear in his children, his grandchildren, etc.
Jews don’t do harm to protect their children)
وَعَسَى أَنْ تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ
But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; (216, Surat Al Baqara)
–> Hold your judgment. Just because you don’t understand something means it’s wrong.
Rahim comes from the same root as Rahman. But it means “specifically Merciful”. People can be particularly rahim.
كان الله مع المؤمنين رحيما
Allah is Rahim with His servants
The person who takes this Name sees disobedient people with compassion and does not condemn them.
To be guided and act according to wisdom is the best advice, gift in the world. Again رقة القلب .
The Hadith that says: -لن تؤمنوا حتى ترحموا -وفي رواية تراحموا
Not just for your companions but mercy to humanity. Universal mercy.